A World Bank report presents that any area globally can be considered a disaster hotspot with the increasing magnitude, frequency, and geographic distribution of natural disasters, especially those related to climate change (Bronfman, Cisternas, Repetto, Castañeda, & 2019). The growing multi-hazard environment shows that millions of people worldwide, countries, or communities are currently not immune to the impact of natural disasters. Asian tropical countries have faced many natural disasters, which create an enormous negative effect on the socio-economic lives of the people (Kanyasan et al., 2018). Therefore, disasters are a significant problem encountered in the country, considering the location disadvantage and records or events. The enactment of Republic Act 10121, otherwise known as the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010, has laid the basis for a paradigm shift from just disaster preparedness and response to disaster risk reduction and management. There are studies in some parts of the world that involve government and non-government organizations’ participation and implementation in disaster risk reduction. Studies in the Philippines focus on disaster risk reduction management in cities and other local government units. Several studies were conducted in Negros Occidental, such as the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Practices in Private Education Institutions, there is no study on the level of implementation of disaster risk reduction management activities on flooding in a highly urbanized city of Negros Occidental despite many related studies on the disaster risk reduction management plans in the country. Hence, this study will fill the gap in the literature.
This study will use a descriptive-comparative research design to describe the characteristics of a population or phenomenon (Basco, 2014). The descriptive design will be used to describe the extent of the implementation of the disaster risk reduction management plan of the city. The respondents are the implementers (DRRM city and barangay) and community leaders (purok officials). The findings of this study will be beneficial to the people who have significant roles in the DRRM in Bacolod City. They are the DRRMC council, DRRM implementers, government officials, government employees, implementers, and other persons involved or connected with the DRRM of Bacolod City. Their insights on the challenges encountered in the implementation of the four thematic areas of DRRM will be utilized in enhancing proper time management to reduce delays on projects and ensure the quality of work in implementing DRRM. Likewise, future researchers can utilize details of this study to support related studies on public work projects.