Abstract by June Steve Barredo and Jennifer Labrador (JD1 SY 2020-2021)

This legal research aims to assess whether it is the full and proper implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act or the lowering of the Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility that will help children at risk and in conflict with the law and prevent them from committing crimes, and providing recommendations in attaining justice, both to the accused and the victims.

The objectives which would facilitate the achievement of the aims are: to analyze the effects of the “Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006” and the of raising the age of criminal responsibility from 9 years of age to 15 years to those children in conflict with law and the effects to the victims; to identify the factors which led the proposition of the new bills in the House of Representatives seeking to lower the criminal age of responsibility; to examine the numbers of children in conflict with law based on national statistics within the period of 5 years (2015-2020); and to incorporate the arguments of the opposition leaders, Commission on Human Rights, UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, DSWD, the statements the church, lawyers, children advocates and other organizations regarding the issue. This research will be organized through data collection, data analysis, and data interpretation in reaching its conclusions.

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